Skin Conditions

Common skin conditions, disorders and cancerous skin cells alike are treated using the most advanced medical care and procedures.

Acne | Acne Scars

Acne, also called acne vulgaris, is a common skin problem that occurs when oil and dead skin cells clog up the hair follicle.  These blemishes appear where the skin has a greater number of oil glands such as the face, neck, chest, and back. Acne is very common among teens. It usually improves after the teen years when hormones stabilize. Many treatment options are available to improve the appearance of the skin, reduce anxiety and improve self-esteem of acne sufferers.

Actinic Keratoses

Actinic keratoses is precancerous red or brown, rough scaly skin, most often appearing after age 40. Another name for actinic keratoses is sun spots and they occur most often on the face scalp and ears.  They are the most common precancer which can develop into squamous cell carcinoma, although it is unusual.  In milder climates like Marin County, these lesions appear in much younger people.

Age Spots | Liver spots

As people mature, age spots and freckles usually appear on sun-exposed areas such as the face, neck, hands, and back. These spots are commonly called liver spots as well and can be brown or grey discolorations with sharply defined edges, be either rounded or flat patches of skin.

Allergic Reactions

When the skin comes in contact with an allergen, a substance that causes an allergic reaction, itching and blistering often occur.  Poison ivy, poison oak and poison sumac are the most common causes of allergic reactions. But other common causes of allergic contact dermatitis include metals, insect bites, rubber, dyes, cosmetics, preservatives, fabric softeners and fragrances. While there is no cure for atopic dermatitis, most cases can be controlled with proper treatment. The goals of treatment are to remove the cause of the allergic reaction, reduce inflammation and the risk of infection, and minimize the itch associated with the rash.

Candida

Candida is a type of yeast and is the most common cause of fungal infections.  All healthy people generally have Candida yeasts on their skin, in their mouths and intestinal track.  But it can become over grown if the immune system is out of balance.  In most cases, a candida fungal infection is usually an infection of the skin, fingernails, toenails or mucosal membranes and requires a moist environment for growth.

Dermatitis | Eczema

Dermatitis simply means skin inflammation but is used to describe a wide range of skin conditions. The most common type of atopic dermatitis is commonly called eczema. The early stages of dermatitis and eczema are often red, dry, and itchy patches of skin.  More advanced dermatitis may result in crusty scales, sensitive cracks, or blisters on the skin. The rash can often be preceded by itching and most often appears on the face, back of the knees, hands or feet but it can appear anywhere on the body.

Hair Loss | Alopecia

Hair loss, also known as alopecia or more commonly, baldness, can occur on part of or the entire head.  Alopecia areata begins with small clumps of hair fall out and in rare cases, complete hair loss on the head and entire body. The cause of male-pattern baldness is a combination of genetics and male hormones and the autoimmune system is responsible for alopecia areata. Conversely, the cause of female pattern hair loss is uncertain.

Hives | Skin Rashes

Hives also known as urticaria, is a kind of skin rash with red, raised, itchy bumps that may burn, sting or itch and frequently occur after an infection or an allergic reaction. Often the patches of rash may be localized in one part of the body, move around or affect all the skin. Typically hives last a few days and do not leave any long lasting effects on the skin.

Hyperpigmentation | Melasma

Hyperpigmentation is the darkening of the skin or nails caused by increased melanin, the pigment responsible for producing the color of the eyes, skin, and hair. Hyperpigmentation can be caused, for example, by sun damage, inflammation and acne. Melasma is a type of hyperpigmentation and is also commonly known as pregnancy mask. It is a tan or dark brown skin discoloration often found on the upper cheek, nose, lips, upper lip and forehead. It is also evident in pre-menopausal women and is caused by changes in hormone levels.

Mole | Scar Removal

Moles are usually black or brown and can appear anywhere on the skin.  Most moles appear in the first two decades of life and can change over time. They can change in color or shape and become raised. Removing a mole or scar is a common procedure and can be done easily in the doctor’s office.

Psoriasis

Psoriasis is a chronic autoimmune disease which is usually characterized by patches red, itchy, and scaly skin. There are five main types of psoriasis: plaque, guttate, inverse, pustular, and erythrodermic.  Plaque psoriasis, also known as psoriasis vulgaris, makes up about 90% of cases and commonly affects the back of the forearms, shins, around the navel, and the scalp.  Guttate psoriasis has drop-shaped lesions.  Pustular psoriasis has small non-infectious blisters.  Inverse psoriasis forms red patches in skin folds.  Erythrodermic psoriasis occurs when the rash becomes very widespread, and can develop from any of the aforementioned types.

Rosacea

Rosacea is a skin condition commonly characterized by redness on the cheeks, nose, or forehead from dilated blood vessels.  Rosacea is almost three times more common in women between the ages of 30 and 50.

Skin Infections

Skin infections can be caused by a bacteria, virus or fungus. A multitude of treatments can be considered to cure a skin infection. To prevent the infection spreading to other parts of the body, avoid scratching the blisters or sores and the affected area or should be kept clean with good skin hygiene.

Vitiligo

The cause of vitiligo, a skin condition characterized by patches of the skin becoming white and having sharp margins, is unknown.  Typically both sides of the body are affected and it is more pronounced in people with darker skin.

Warts

A wart is a small, rough growth that typically occurs on the hands or feet and is caused by a viral infection. Warts are contagious and usually enter the body through a wound.